Explore the wonders in Bhutan with us
geography of bhutan

Flora and Fauna in Bhutan

Bhutan’s greatest wealth is its natural vegetation spread across the country. It is considered to be on the World’s top biodiversity hotspots. The country’s forest coverage is over 70% of its land area. In order to ensure that the Country do not loose its biggest wealth, 60% of the total land is under protection and specifically meant for the forest coverage. Very few countries in the world can match Bhutan’s biodiversity and still lesser have taken such strong action to protect their forest cover and biodiversity.

The key reasons which resulted in such biodiversity is its location, climatic conditions and geographical variations and of course actions taken by the country to protect its own biodiversity. Bhutan’s high, rugged mountains and deep valleys are rich with spectacular biodiversity, making one of the world’s ten most important biodiversity ‘hotspots’.

Bhutan contains more than 60% of the plant species found in the Eastern Himalayas and hence is a perfect destination for horticulturalists and plant lovers. It has around 46 species of Rhododendrons and more than 300 types of medicinal plants.  Some of the key species of plants found is these regions are Junipers, Magnolias, Orchids, Blue, Edelweiss, Gentian, various medicinal herbs, Daphne, Giant Rhubarb, Pine and Oak trees.

The Land of the Black Necked Crane, Bhutan has a large variety of bird species.  It is home to 221 globally endemic bird species. More than 670 species of birds have been discovered in Bhutan which includes resident bird species, birds that migrate during the winters and partial migrants. Some of the winter migrants are Black Necked Cranes, Buntings, Thrushes, Waders, Ducks, etc. The partial migrant birds include Fly Catchers, Swifts, Bee-eaters, Cuckoos, Warblers, etc. Bhutan is also home to almost 16 species of birds which are endangered such as white bellied heron, Pallas fish eagle, Black necked cranes, Blyth's fisher, etc

Bhutan is home to many interesting and rare animals. Animals such as brown bear, wild sheep, musk deer, wild goats, snow leopard etc. are found in the northern Bhutan. Animals such as elephants, rhinos, deer, golden Langur, etc. are found in the forests of the southern Bhutan. Many Bengal Tigers has also been spotted in the forests of the central belt. Bhutan is also home to Takin – a rare combination of Goat and an Antelope.

Featured Tours and Treks


  • Thilo and Cordula
  • Very good guide/driver team, we had a lot of fun with them. Very special thanks for the visa support to get back to India We had a lot of luck during our tour with N.B. as we were able to see the Kankar Punsum and also wild monkeys eating and jumping in the trees above us. Please find our selected photos of that attached. Thank you very much again for letting us join together for dinner with your wife, for your hospitality and your gifts. We still find us very surprised at Bhutan, from its cultural spots and landscape.

  • Ms. Margaret and Friends
  • Had an extremely amazing time! Lobzang and Subba were great & hospitality 2nd to none! Thank you for such a great time and we definitely encourage more people to come visit Bhutan via your travel guides. Thank you for all your hospitality. Our Trip to Bhutan was better than what we expected. It was great to meet Lobzang and Sanman every morning there to greet us with a smile. Lobzang’s knowledge of Bhutan and all the historical places is fantastic. Also Sanman’s driving made us feel safe at all times and very comfortable. Whenever we talk about Bhutan we will always recommend you all.

  • Mr. Christoph A. Riedweg
  • Tika and Mohan went out of their way to make our stay comfortable and enjoyable. For all of our requests they tried there very best to arrange (food, sightseeing, shopping). The trip offered a great mix of sightseeing, history, nature and daily life in Bhutan. We truly enjoyed our stay.

  • Aveek Pradhan
  • Service offered was quite appreciating and we look forward to avail other services in the near future.

  • Ms. Nilima and friends
  • Excellent Trip. Thanks to Vivek and Santosh. Amazing guide and an excellent driver. They made our trip memorable. We would recommend them to everyone.